Dietary Recommendations for Patients Affected by COVID-19

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a disease caused by a new strain of coronavirus severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2). May cause persistent cough, fever, loss/change in sense of smell or taste.

The coronavirus can cause more severe symptoms in people with compromised immune systems, the elderly, and people with long-term conditions such as diabetes, cancer, chronic lung disease, and cardiovascular disease.

Proper nutrition and hydration are important to combat this disease and help manage symptoms. A balanced diet can optimize immune system function, improve metabolism, and help prevent the development of chronic symptoms associated with COVID-19. To provide the body with the necessary vitamins, minerals, protein and antioxidants, fresh and from unprocessed foods It is recommended to follow a diet consisting of daily. A proper diet will ensure that the body is in a suitable state to defeat the virus!

A few changes in your daily routine that can help make a good recovery include:

diet rich in protein

Adequate protein intake is necessary to prevent muscle loss and maintain metabolic functions. Muscle wasting can cause weakness, fatigue, and the inability to perform daily activities. Protein deficiency is also linked to impaired immune system function and can worsen symptoms and prolong recovery time.

Try to include a serving of protein-rich foods at every meal. Vegetarians can include 2-3 servings of legumes, soy, milk and dairy products and nuts per day. Non-vegetarians can include eggs in their diet along with lean meats such as chicken and fish.

healthy fats

Reduce excess fat intake and choose cooking methods that require less or no fat, such as steaming, grilling, or sautéing, rather than frying food. Choose foods that contain healthy sources of unsaturated fat, such as fish and nuts. Avoid including trans fats in your meals as much as possible.

Plenty of fruits and vegetables

The vitamins, minerals and antioxidants found in colorful fruits and vegetables facilitate a speedy recovery. Try to include at least 5-6 servings of fruits and vegetables in the daily meal plan. You can add fruit to your milkshakes or smoothies, and consume seasonal vegetables as cooked, sauteed, steamed, boiled.


Recent research shows that probiotics can help boost the immune system. The healthy bacteria found in probiotics help the gut and intestinal tract fight disease-causing microbes. Yogurt, kefir, and pickles are loaded with probiotics.

Probiotics support the growth of good bacteria stored in the gut, which play an important role in balancing your body’s good bacteria. These healthy bacteria help balance your digestion, immunity and metabolism.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C protects you from infection by stimulating the formation of antibodies and strengthening immunity. As an antioxidant, vitamin C fights free radicals in the body. Add more vitamin C to your diet, such as citrus fruits like oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines, or peppers, strawberries, tomatoes, broccoli, and kiwis.

Zinc-rich foods

Adequate zinc is essential for the development and function of the immune system and can help wounds heal. Zinc is found in lean meats, poultry, seafood, dairy, whole grain products, beans, pumpkin seeds, and nuts.


Eggs contain selenium, a powerful antioxidant that plays a key role in cell health. Other sources include seafood, pumpkin seeds, grains, and dairy products.

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