Obesity is a preventable health problem that has become one of the most important health problems by becoming more and more widespread in the world. According to the World Health Organization data, one out of every three people in the world is obese. The World Obesity Federation also recently published a study. Emphasizing that obesity is increasing rapidly in children, it was announced that the number of obese children will increase by 100 million worldwide and reach 250 million by 2030.
CHINA RANKS FIRST
The research, which warns that the number of obese children will reach 62 million in 2030 if no measures are taken in China, which has the highest number of obese children in the world today, with 39 million, also drew attention to the following details: In the USA, which has 14 million obese children, this number will increase by 2030. In India, where 17 million and 11 million obese children live, it is predicted that it may increase to 27 million.
OBSE CHILDREN WILL TURN INTO OBSE ADULTS
The study, which points out that obese children are more likely to become obese adults in the future, is a harbinger of the fact that these children may face many diseases, especially diabetes. We discussed the issue with Obesity and Diabetes Surgery Specialist Assoc. Dr. Talking to Murat Çağ and saying ‘ How to prevent obesity in children?‘ we asked the question.
OBESITY IS A GENETIC HERITAGE
Stating that obesity is closely related to many diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer, Assoc. Dr. Murat Cag, ” Some diseases can be transmitted from generation to generation, such as eye color and nose shape. One of them is obesity disease. If the obesity problem in the mother and father caused damage to the genes on the DNA, it means that obesity can also be seen in the child to be born.” said.
OBESITY IS THE FAULT OF THE PARENTS, NOT THE CHILD
Stating that the first thousand days from fetal life to childhood have an effect on obesity, Assoc. Dr. Murat Çağ spoke as follows: “The feeding process of mothers before they become pregnant affects the whole life of babies. In addition, the ‘breast milk’ produced by healthy-fed mothers also determines whether the baby will be obese. During the breastfeeding process, mothers should carefully observe the signals given by their babies. Babies say that their stomachs are full, with their comfortable sleep and happiness. If babies do not show that they are hungry, there is no need to feed more than necessary.
A STRONG CHILD IS NOT HEALTHY
Underlining that the perception of “strong children are healthy children” still prevails in our society, Çağ said, “If children’s arms are in knuckles and their stomach is like a pillow, it is necessary to pay attention to this. Because this situation may pave the way for future heart attack, type 2 diabetes and cancer. If a child is above the 120th percentile or a Body Mass Index of 40 by age 7, they are 5 times more likely to have type 2 diabetes than normal children; 3 times more likely to have a heart attack. Parents taking action; He needs to understand the ‘satiety’ signals given by his children,” he said.
HAMBURGER DOES NOT MAKE YOU HAPPY
Stating that fast food type foods increase addiction by stimulating the opiate and dopamine receptors located in the reward and pleasure centers of the brain, Çağ said, “Due to the increased dopamine in the brain, the person seems to give himself a reward and wants to consume more of these foods with the happiness he experiences. The reward habit from childhood also creates the perception that happiness is equal to food. However, what actually happens is not that the food eaten gives happiness; It is thought that one is happy with the effect of substances that come from childhood and affect hormones”.
Age, ” Is it right to say that I am happy as I eat?”He answered the question as follows:
IT IS NOT TRUE TO SAY I AM FAT BUT HAPPY
“Research has proven that obese individuals are less happy than non-obese individuals. However, experts say that consuming harmful products causes weight gain; He underlines that the happiness that comes from is not a real happiness. People suffering from obesity isolate themselves from society and drift into depression. Therefore, it is not correct to say “I am fat but happy”. Because this disease prevents family relations, traveling comfortably with your family or friends, sitting comfortably on long journeys.No one wants to experience things like sweating to death, not being able to walk comfortably with their family, not being able to tie their shoes easily, even in mild hot weather.”
Mentioning that nutrition in childhood is very important in terms of preventing obesity, Çağ said, “It is necessary to apply the ‘5-4-3-2-1-0 rule’ in children aged 5 and above. This rule means at least 5 types of vegetables and fruits, at least 4 types of milk and dairy products, at least 3 glasses of water, at least 2 hours of exercise, not watching television for more than an hour, 0 sugary and carbonated drinks. However, this rule should also be followed by parents. . If a parent is not at a normal weight, the child should not be expected to be at a normal weight either. The most important thing to do to prevent obesity is to start loving one’s own body. A person who loves his own body acquires the habit of regular eating by himself. In addition, the most correct method is to eat by sitting at a family table and chatting. While doing this Not imposing the amount of food on your child or family members is the right step. . especially in children It is necessary not to make sentences such as “it will be finished until the last bite”.made a suggestion.