What is the gout diet? Fabulous diet list for gout patients

Gout is known as a kind of joint inflammation disease that has come to the fore recently and is seen in many people. People with this disease should definitely pay attention to their diet. So what is the gout diet, how to feed in gout, which foods should be avoided? Expert Dietician Sümeyye H. Kara explained the answers to all these questions with her tips. Here are the answers…

Gout, which is a disease encountered at all ages, is also known as the rich disease and sultan’s disease among the people. Gout, a metabolic disease, is more common in people who consume a lot of meat and alcohol. Gout is caused by having too much uric acid in the body. In addition, uric acid occurs as a result of the breakdown of purines in the food you eat. For this reason, gout patients need to be very careful about the foods they eat and their diet. It should reduce the consumption of foods containing purines. Here we have listed what should and should not be consumed in the gout diet. Let’s see together…

Specialist Dietitian Sümeyye H. Kara gave the necessary tips for those who want to have a healthy diet in gout. Here are the prohibited foods in gout from Kara, the foods to be eaten in gout and everything about nutritional recommendations in our article…

NUTRITIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FROM DIETHIAN SUMEYYE H. KARA IN GUT

  • GUT is caused by elevated levels of uric acid in the blood (uric acid is a waste product found in the urine) or poor excretion by the kidneys, or by ingesting too much purines, which turn into uric acid in the body, with certain foods.
     
  • Purine-rich foods should be excluded from the diet or consumed in the amount determined by the nutritionist.
     
  • Fat increases the accumulation of uric acid in the body. Therefore, attention should be paid to the amount of oil consumed.
     
  • Increase your physical activity. Exercising helps keep uric acid levels low.
     
  • Fried and roasted foods should be avoided.
     
  • Consumption of vegetables and fruits that are not rich in purines should be increased (as much as desired, except for mushrooms, peas, spinach, cauliflower).
     
  • Care should be taken to drink plenty of fluids.
     
  • Alcohol and alcoholic beverages should be avoided.
     
  • Coffee and tea do not affect the formation of purines in the body. However, care should be taken not to consume more than 2-3 cups of coffee and tea per day.
     
  • It should be eaten at frequent intervals and little by little.
     
  • You should remove unhealthy fats such as margarine, solid oils, tallow and tail fat from your life.
     
  • Red meat consumption should be reduced.
     
  • It is forbidden to consume spleen, tripe, heart, sausage, salami, sausage, duck, anchovies, sardines, shellfish, goose and small fish.
     
  • Fruits such as cherries, strawberries, blueberries and vegetables containing plenty of water, such as zucchini and cucumber, help to maintain the uric acid balance in the blood.
     
  • Full-fat milk, yogurt, cheese and carbonated foods should not be eaten.

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SUGGESTIONS

  1. Use boiled, grilled or oven-cooked methods when cooking food. Do not over fry or greasy.
     
  2. Be sure to consume milk and dairy products without fat or with low fat.
     
  3. Take care to consume plenty of vegetables without oil, except for prohibited vegetables.
     
  4. Take care to consume enough fruit daily.
     
  5. Avoid excessive sugary foods.
     
  6. Stay away from all kinds of processed and packaged foods.
     
  7. You can consume beverages such as handmade fruit juice, lemonade, compote. Do not consume excessive carbonated and sugary drinks such as cola, fanta, soda.
     
  8. Moderate purine-containing foods such as meat, legumes, prohibited vegetables or bulgur should not be consumed together on the same day. Only one of them should be selected.
     
  9. Consume moderate amounts of purine-containing foods, and do not consume foods containing excess purines in any way.

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PROHIBITIONS

  • Whole milk, yogurt
     
  • Fat broths and dishes made with them
     
  • Offal (liver, kidney, spleen, tripe, tongue, brain, kokoreç..)
     
  • Sausage, bacon, sausage, salami
     
  • Alcoholic beverages
     
  • Caviar, mussels, squid, lobster, anchovies, sardines
     
  • Chickpeas, nuts
     
  • full fat cheeses
     
  • Deep-fried, roasted, sauce-added dishes
     
  • Whole wheat, rye, oat breads, crackers
     
  • Prepared foods with unknown ingredients
     
  • Sugar and sugary foods, sweets (Honey, jam, marmalade, molasses..)
     
  • Pastries, pies, muffins, cakes, cookies, cakes, etc.
     
  • Cream, cream, mayonnaise
     
  • Animal fats (butter, margarine, tail fat..)
     
  • Game meats (Goose, duck, partridge, quail, rabbit..)
     
  • Alcohol
     
  • Fried eggs should not be consumed.

FOOTNOTE:

Fat-free or low-fat dairy products should be consumed
white bread or cornbread can be consumed
Boiled eggs are preferred.

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EXAMPLE 1500 KKAL GUT DIET LIST FOR GUT PATIENTS

BREAKFAST

  • Unsweetened light tea or linden
  • 1 egg (every other day) (omelet in a pan without oil, menemen, boiled)
  • 2 slices of cheese (no fat, no salt) (3 slices on the day without eggs)
  • Unlimited tomatoes, cucumbers, greens (oil free)
  • 2 slices of white bread

1. DREAM MEAL

  • 1 serving of fruit

NOON

  • 1 ladle of soup (no fat, no flour, no cream, no bouillon) (Legumes should not be preferred)
  • 8 tablespoons of vegetable food (excluding spinach, peas, cauliflower, mushrooms)
  • 6 tablespoons of boiled pasta (without oil)
  • 1 bowl of yoghurt or tzatziki (non-fat)
  • Salad (without oil, with plenty of lemon, without pomegranate syrup)

2. DREAM MEAL

  • 1 serving of fruit
  • 1 rusk (without bran)

EVENING

  • 2 ladles of soup (no fat, no flour, no cream, no bouillon) (can be cold soup)
  • 2 meatballs (60 g) meat or chicken or fish or turkey or a meal made with them (excluding offal, game meat, small fish, caviar, anchovies) (not fried)
  • Or 8 tablespoons of legumes (without meat)
  • 8 tablespoons of vegetable food (excluding spinach, peas, cauliflower, mushrooms)
  • 1 bowl of yoghurt or tzatziki (non-fat)
  • Salad (without oil, with plenty of lemon, without pomegranate syrup)

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FOODS WITH LOW PURINE:

Foods in this group can be consumed freely in the nutrition program of gout patients.

  • Milk and its derivatives
  • Cheese
  • Egg
  • Bread
  • cereals
  • Candy
  • Fruit
  • Vegetables (other than group 2)

FOODS WITH MODERATE PURINE

Foods in this group can be consumed in a limited amount in the nutrition program of gout patients.

  • Meat, chicken, fish, turkey → up to 2 meatballs (60 g)
  • Legumes (dried beans, chickpeas, broad beans, lentils, etc.) → 8 tablespoons
  • Bulgur → 8 tablespoons
  • Peas, asparagus or mushrooms → 4 tablespoons
  • Spinach, cauliflower, chard, brussels sprouts, purslane → 5 tablespoons

FOODS CONTAINING HIGH QUANTITIES OF PURINE:

Foods in this group should not be included in the nutrition program of gout patients.

  • offal
  • game meats
  • small fish
  • Caviar
  • Anchovy
  • Bread made from bran, oats and rye

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