What Should Patients with Phenylketonuria Eat? Sample diet list

What should patients with phenylketonuria eat? and there are things that should not be eaten, and a special diet is required. Phenylketonuria is a disease that is transmitted through family involvement and prevents the metabolism of phenylalanine in protein foods.

Phenylalanine substance, which cannot be metabolized, can destroy the brain by penetrating into body fluids and blood. This disease can be diagnosed in newborn babies and can be treated with early diagnosis. If left untreated, it can cause severe intellectual disability and many disorders that may occur due to the nervous system in children.

Fenilketonuri diyet listesi

What Are the Symptoms of Phenylketonuria?

Babies with phenylketonuria In the first few months, no symptoms can be observed. There is no difference in the first few months between a healthy baby and a baby with Phenylketonuria. In this process, it is very important to start the treatment. Because the symptoms will start to show themselves from the 4th month. The symptoms continue to increase according to the process and the symptoms that can be seen in order can be listed as follows;

  • Nervous system symptoms begin to appear.
  • Symptoms of mental retardation that can be observed in the 5th and 6th months appear. During this period, none of the skills such as speaking and sitting develop.
  • Babies with phenylketonuria may have a small head. This is because their brain development is not normal.
  • Excessive hand-arm movements can be observed.
  • Other symptoms include rash on the skin, vomiting, epileptic seizures, and a musty odor on the skin and sweat.

Foods that Patients with Phenylketonuria Can and Cannot Eat

Phenylketonuria sample diet list It should be obtained from a dietitian who is specialized in this field. The foods that patients with phenylketonuria are forbidden to eat can be listed as follows;

  • Meat and meat products
  • Milk and milk products
  • Animal internal organs such as brain, liver, kidney
  • regular bread
  • Nuts
  • Prepared foods
  • All foods containing aspartame and phenylalanine

Recipes for people with phenylketonuria should be specially prepared and much attention should be paid to the foods consumed. It is necessary to strictly comply with the list obtained from a dietitian who is an expert in his field.

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